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I'm going to assume you feel she is capable of violence or you wouldn't be asking this question. I'd record her murderous conversations and make a report to the police, both your local cops and those in her jurisdiction. Don't forget to emphasize that she has several guns.
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Reply to cwillie
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Based on your profile information, I would suggest you have a talk with your adult son. Tell him exactly how his grandmother treats you and that she threatens to kill you with a gun. Then he can decide whether or not he wants a relationship with a person who abuses his mother and threatens her.
Then I would surpass the local police. If they're making wellness checks and have not taken the guns away from a paranoid elder with dementia, then they're useless in this situation.
I would say make two phone calls.

1) To APS. Explain that your mother is a mentally ill, paranoid elder with dementia who's making threats, and lives alone in her home with guns. Make sure they know you live out-of-state and there's no family nearby for her to go to or who can help with caregiving.

2) Call the ATF (Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms). Tell them the same thing. That your paranoid, elderly mother with dementia has guns in the house and is making threats. You live out-of-state and there's no family nearby that can help with caregiving. Then tell them that the police haven't done anything about the guns and that you're afraid someone is going to get killed because someone is going to.
What is going to happen is your mother will get increasingly more paranoid as her dementia worsens. The situation will not stop at just threats to you and certain family members. Someone is going to get hurt or killed if your mother is allowed to continue living alone with guns.
Maybe the cashier at the grocery store gives her a dirty look. Or maybe the neighbors are "stealing" from her. Or the garbage men who pick up her trash every week are "spying" on her.
I'm so sure you know what will come next. Don't think for a minute that elderly people with dementia are harmless. They're often dismissed by others as simply being paranoid old fools with dementia that aren't a threat to anyone.
Your mother is dangerous. Maybe not immediately to you nine hours away. She is to everyone else and herself. There needs to be immediate intervention right now to get her help and to get the guns away from her.
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Reply to BurntCaregiver
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Lifeistooshort May 15, 2022
You are absolutely correct!! I’m going to meet with my son to discuss this. My niece was planning to visit her next month, but my son contacted her and told her to not go!
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Call the non-emergency law enforcement number. Tell them she has answered the door with a gun. Tell them she is a red flag situation and the guns need to be removed. Be prepared to not only explain what is taking place but know that no matter what happens, things could go badly and it isn't on you. Many states have red flag laws now that allow you to petition to take away weapons so that should be a viable answer if she really won't cooperate.

https://www.pewtrusts.org/en/research-and-analysis/blogs/stateline/2021/10/05/red-flag-laws-are-saving-lives-they-could-save-more
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Reply to AinSeattle
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Lifeistooshort May 15, 2022
She hasn’t answered the door holding a gun, so I wouldn’t say that. I would only state factual actions.
Thank you for the websites!! I’m checking them out now.
The Red Flag Law is very informative and helpful, although it may be difficult if the parties live in different states.
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Call EMS or 911. Your parent needs an involuntary admission for psychiatric evaluation and treatment.
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Reply to Taarna
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Lifeistooshort May 15, 2022
We live in two different states.
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Sounds like your mother has had paranoid thinking and talked about harming others in adulthood, that this is not just a new onset paranoia due to brain changes of dementia.
I would suggest calling APS in her state, and give a detailed report of your concerns. Include the documentation you have of police visits, timeline of events/threats, list of weapons in the house, etc.
Police may have reported her to APS in past...but that material is confidential. You have a different perspective.
I think there is a high risk of harm to others....if she can see out her windows she can also shoot through them.
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Lifeistooshort May 14, 2022
Yes, I agree with you to a point, but her hostility seems to be focused on a few family members only. Ironically, we are the only ones who call her, send gifts without it being a special occasion, and place wellness checks.
The police “visits” were wellness checks that I have placed. I do not know if she has dementia or not.
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This really depends on the specific nature of the threat.

I read a California Sunday story about how a lady with dementia had threatened to kill her roommate in snf. The roommate just laughed it off as no one was in the position to hurt anyone.

However, you sensing there is a real situation here indicates that there is one. I would do the er social admit route to see if meds can mitigate the behavior, and if not, a placement.

Sorry you’re going thru this.
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Reply to PeggySue2020
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Lifeistooshort May 12, 2022
Thank you!!
We live in different states, and unfortunately I know nothing about any of her doctors.
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You never mentioned your mother with dementia having GUNS in your last posts. What a dangerous situation!

I'd call APS and report her as a vulnerable elder with GUNS and DEMENTIA who refuses to leave her home. Let them go there with the POLICE to assess the situation.
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Reply to lealonnie1
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Lifeistooshort May 18, 2022
Thank you for your response, but my mother does leave her home to go grocery shopping, doctor’s appointments and some errands. She never takes her guns away from her property.
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Does ANY relative live near her? If so and they still have contact with her, just call them for updates on your mother. It sounds like you have a volatile relationship with her.

You say, "I think she is losing/lost her mind although she would deny that possibility." She can deny it all she wants but being angry, paranoid, making threats, "would always talk about “blowing someone’s brains out, drag him/her to her shed, and CHOP him/her up!!!” obvious is not normal behavior. She either has dementia or a mental health problem.

You say, "I have no intention of going anywhere near her. I’m glad we live in different states!" Do you really think she is going to get in the car and drive 9 hours to your location or hire someone to "drive her"? Because you "have no intention of going anywhere near her", it's hard to understand why you would contact her by phone? Her behavior is toxic.

Burntcaregiver gave you 2 good suggestions of who to call: APS and ATF. Does she live in a rural area? You may need to call the local Sheriff's Dept. When you called the local PD for a welfare checks, did you happen to mention her previous paranoid threats and the fact she owns SEVERAL firearms? If not, TELL THEM AGAIN. Get the officers' names who call you back with their "welfare check" results. Write down the date, time and these officers names. At this point you have put authorities "on notice" of a potentially dangerous individual with guns in their community. You are done.

Stop calling her or taking her calls. Maybe change your phone number. You say you don't get along. Why are you torturing yourself by contacting her? She told you she doesn't want help and wants to "die in her house." It's difficult because although you'll never go near her, you seem to still care about her either out of obligation or guilt. YOU need to figure out how this relationship is affecting YOU. Warn your son, any grandchildren or any relatives of her behavior. Myself, I would just leave her be.
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Reply to help2day
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Lifeistooshort,
Yikes. Mom is threatening and has guns. Scary.

If these guns are illegally owned, then the police can absolutely seize them. And also, mom likely gets arrested for illegal possession of a firearm.

But you say mom legally owns these guns.

So here's the problem: if your mom has a license to own these guns, the police can't just come in and remove them. Even if, hypothetically, she used one illegally (at least in NY), when the prosecutor brought that case before a judge, there would have to be a request during the initial court proceedings to revoke the license on the other guns that weren't used in order for the police to be able to take possession of the other guns (the gun used illegally would be taken as arrest evidence, in accordance with the 4th Amendment).

My advice to you if you are trying to figure out a way to get those guns away from mom: do some research into her county on who is the licensing agency. For example, I had to apply to my County's Sherriff department for my license. So that's the agency that would have to start proceedings to revoke my license. You can probably google mom's resident county to find out how to get a gun license.

Then, contact that agency. Explain, calmly, what is going on. That you suspect mom has dementia, that she has been threatening you, that you are also IN FEAR that she is going to harm *someone else*. Tell them your primary goal is to get those guns away from mom, that you're NOT trying to make this into a domestic violence situation, because you are 9 hours away, and therefore in no immediate danger. This is an important point to make, because if it's not the local police that issue the license, you might be told to "contact the local police because it's a domestic violence situation". You're just telling them that she has been threatening you to show her state of mind. You need to find out how to get her license revoked so the guns can be taken away from her, and then she won't be a threat to anyone - including first responders!! - who might come to her home when she is in a medical crisis.

You don't say where mom lives. Depending on that, you might get some resistance from the licensing agency when you first call. That's ok. It's a sticky wicket to ask for someone's license to be revoked, be it driver's license or gun license. Licensing agencies have to walk a very fine line between people's individual rights and the safety of the general population. If you get resistance, politely but firmly start to ask to go up the "chain of command". If there is a process to obtain a license, then I assure you there is a process to revoke that license. Once the license is revoked, then arrangements can be made to go into mom's home and get the registered firearms. And at that point, since they will have due process to be able to enter the home, the agency removing the firearms can also look for any unlicensed firearms and remove them as well. It also puts mom more into "the radar" of the county agencies to see that she might need other intervention.

If you have anything you need me to clarify, feel free to PM me. I'll try to help as much as I can.

Good luck.
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Reply to notgoodenough
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Lifeistooshort May 18, 2022
Wow! Thank you so much!
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You live in a different state? Block her calls and let go. Every relationship has to have boundaries of self-protection, don't give up those boundaries.
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