How to Handle an Elderly Parent's Bad Behavior
"My mother is driving me crazy!" This phrase is uttered (or screamed) by caregivers everywhere who are caring for elderly parents. As if they didn't have enough to do, caregivers often have to deal with bad behavior by their elderly parents. The AgingCare.com message boards are filled with stories of demanding elderly parents, personality changes, hallucinations, temper tantrums…even abuse. We've compiled the top 10 bad behaviors that elderly parents exhibit, along with some tips for coping with them.
Rage, Anger and Yelling
Age and illness can intensify longstanding personality traits in some unpleasant ways: An irritable person may become enraged, an impatient person demanding and impossible to please. Unfortunately, the person taking care of the elderly parent is often the target.
What to Do
Try to identify the cause of the anger. In most elderly individuals, behaviors are a symptom of distress. The aging process in and of itself sometimes brings about anger, as seniors vent frustration about getting old, having chronic pain, losing friends, having memory issues, being incontinent – all of the undignified things that can happen to us as we age.
In addition, Alzheimer's disease and dementia can also cause these behaviors, in which case, your parent doesn't have control. As a caregiver, the best thing you can do is not take it personally. Focus on the positive, ignore the negative, and take a break from caregiving when you can by finding some respite. Get some fresh air, do something you love or call a friend.
You might also want to consider calling in a home health nurse. Elders often reserve their worst behavior for those they are closest to, i.e. family members. The bad behavior might not surface in front of a stranger. And you get a much-need break.
- How to handle anger and rage in elderly parents
- "Help! Mom is becoming mean, hateful and unreasonable."
Sometimes, elderly parents turn on the child that is trying so hard to take care of them and the result is abuse of the caregiver. Stories of mental, emotional, even physical abuse to the adult child are all-to-common.Unless the elder has a personality disorder or mental illness, they turn on the one adult child who is showing the most love because they feel safe enough to do so. They don't consciously abuse this son or daughter, but they are frustrated and need to vent this frustration about getting old, having chronic pain, losing a spouse and friends, having memory issues, being incontinent, etc.
What to Do
Try talking to them about how the abusive behavior makes you feel. However, many caregivers don't get very far by talking. If the abuse is verbal or emotional, making them realize all that you do for them, by not doing it for awhile, may drive home the point that they better be nicer to you, or you will leave. Finding a little respite for yourself by getting help will allow your parent to gain a new appreciation for all you do.
If the elderly parent is physically abusing their caregiver, then professional help, be it the authorities or a counselor may need to get involved.
The issue of elders who were once reasonably clean refusing to take showers, wear fresh clothes and take care of personal hygiene is one that is far more common than most people think - and it's very frustrating for caregivers.
Sometimes the issue is depression. Another factor is control. As people age, they lose more and more control over their lives. But one thing they generally can control is dressing and showers. The more they are nagged, the more they resist.
A decreased sense of sight and smell may be causing the problem. What your nose picks up as old sweat, they don't even notice. Or, memory could be to blame. The days go by. They aren't marked with tons of activities, there isn't something special about Wednesday – it could be Tuesday or Thursday – they lose track of time and don't realize how long it's been since they showered.
Another big issue can be fear or discomfort: Fear of slipping in the tub; or embarrassment about asking for help.
What to Do
The first step is to determine why they have stopped bathing. If they have lost their sense of smell, see your doctor. Medications your parent is taking, or some unrelated disorder may be at fault for a loss of smell.
If depression is the cause, seek professional help. Therapy and medications can help. If modesty is a problem and the elder doesn't want a family member helping her take a bath, because it's far too intimate, they may be open to having an in-home care agency coming in for the sole purpose of a bath.
If they are afraid of the water (or sitting in the tub), there are many types of shower chairs that can help.
If the person is in a demented state and afraid of bathing, then you must move gently. Don't insist on a shower or bath. Begin with just asking if you can wipe off the person's face. Gradually move to under-arms and other parts of the body, talking and telling them what you are doing as you go.
Do your best to keep your parent clean. However, too much nagging is counter-productive, and at the end of the day you may have to lower your standards and definition of cleanliness.
Swearing, Offensive Language and Inappropriate Comments
When a normally loving father or mother is suddenly using the worst profanities, using offensive language or saying inappropriate things, family members are baffled as to why…and what to do about it.
We've heard stories about parents who used to be mild-mannered, proper, and would never utter a four-letter word suddenly cursing at their caregiver or calling them insulting names. When it happens in public, it's embarrassing; when it happens in private it's hurtful.
What to Do
When the behavior is out-of-character for an elder, the start of Alzheimer's or dementia is a likely cause.
How do you deal with swearing? A couple of ideas: when a swearing tirade sets in, use distraction. Diverting your elderly parent's attention is a simple, but effective technique. Once their mind is redirected, the swearing fit may end.
Also, try bringing up happy times from the old days. Like all people, elders love to reminisce about their lives "back in the day." Using their long-term memory skills, the elderly parent will likely forget about whatever it is in the present that set them off. If none of this works, back off, disappear and wait for it to blow over.
Paranoia and Hallucinations
Paranoia and hallucinations in the elderly can take many forms, from accusing family members of stealing, seeing people who aren't there or believing someone is trying to murder them.
What to Do
Sometimes hallucinations and delusions in elders are a sign of a physical illness. Keep track of what the elder is experiencing and discuss it with the doctor. It could also be a side-effect of a medication your elderly parent is taking. See your doctor, describe the symptoms and ask if your parent's medication needs to be changed.
Oftentimes, paranoia and hallucinations are associated with Alzheimer's disease or dementia. When this is the case, caregiving experts seem to agree: when faced with paranoia or hallucinations, the best thing to do is just relax and go with the flow. More often than not, trying to "talk them out" of a delusion won't work. Validation is a good coping technique, because what the elder is seeing, hearing or experiencing is very real to them. Convincing them otherwise is fruitless.
Saving tissues, worrying if its time to take their meds, constantly picking at their skin, hypochondria…these types of obsessive behaviors disrupt the daily lives of elderly parents and their caregivers. Obsession is sometimes related to an addictive personality, or a past history of Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD).
What to Do
View your parent's obsessive-compulsive behaviors as a symptom, not a character flaw.
Watch for signs that certain events trigger your parent's obsession. If the obsession seems to be related to a specific event or activity, avoid it as much as possible.
Do not participate in your parent's obsessions. If you have helped with rituals in the past, change this pattern immediately. Family and friends must resist helping with ritual behaviors.
Obsessive behavior can be related to a number of other disorders, including anxiety, depression or dementia. Obsessive disorders can be treated by mental health professionals, so make an appointment on your parent's behalf. Therapy and/or medication may be the answer. Look into therapy groups, outpatient and inpatient programs in your area.
When an elderly parent hoards (acquiring and failing to throw out a large number of items), once again the on-set of Alzheimer's or dementia could be at fault. Someone's pre-Alzheimer's personality may trigger hoarding behavior at the onset of the disease.
For example, an elderly parent who was already prone to experiencing anxiety, when faced with aging and the possibility of outliving their resources, may begin to collect and save against the onslaught of feeling overwhelmed by what lies ahead.
Others will hold on to items because they fear their memories will be lost without that tangible evidence of the past.
What to Do
You can try to reason, and even talk about items to throw out and give away. Or create a memory box, a place to keep "special things." With extreme hoarders, medication and family counseling could make a big difference in how you cope and manage.
Refusing to Let Outside Caregivers into Their House
The presence of an outsider suggests to the elder that their family can't (or doesn't want to) take care of their needs. It also magnifies the extent of the elders' care needs and makes them feel vulnerable.
What to Do
Constant reassurance is necessary. Understanding the elder's fear and vulnerability is necessary in order for you to cope with this problem. Have serious talks with them, and realize the first time may not work. It could take several months convince them.
Another strategy is to start small, and ask your parent to "give it a try." Present the idea to your elderly parent as a trial. Have someone come in for one day a week for a few hours, just to vacuum, take out the trash or wash clothes. Experienced senior care agencies know how to handle situations like this, so consult them when necessary. Once they get used to having someone in the house, they may be fine with it.
- When Elders Don’t Accept Outside Caregivers in the Home
- "Dad won't let outside caregivers into his house"
Over-Spending or Extreme Frugalness
Some caregivers are pulling out their hair over elderly mother or father's shopaholic habits. Others are going crazy over "frugal," "thrifty," or downright cheap elderly parents.
The ability to handle one's own money is about power and independence. If age or disease takes away some of your independence in other areas, a person is apt to try to make up for this loss in another way.
Spending is one of those ways. Spending (or saving) can help a person feel powerful. Spending (or saving) also can be like a drug to cover up the fear underneath those losses.
What to Do
The parents will insist there is no problem. It's their money and they can spend it as they choose. They do have a right, to an extent, to spend their money as they see fit.
For over-spenders, when their spending habits are draining the last of their finances, or forcing others to cover expenses they should be paying for themselves, it's time to step in. If you can show them the problem in black and white – the total amount spent on shopping, or receipts that others have spent on their care, such as food and medications – it might hit home.
As with so many tricky areas with aging parents, sometimes a third party is best brought in. The key is this person, be it a financial professional, a friend, or a spiritual leader, is not the adult child.
Money hoarders may have these behaviors as a result of having lived through the Great Depression, a down economy, past job loss and countless other situations in which money was virtually non-existent. They feared "going broke" and being able to take care of their family. However, they likely don't want to see a family member go through the financial hardships either. Showing them the out-of-pocket expenses regarding their care that you must pay might help. Bringing in a financial advisor is another route to go.
Wants All the Caregiver's Time and Attention
Once an adult son or daughter becomes a caregiver, their elderly parent might construe that commitment as a 24-hour full-time job. However, the caregiver has other priorities…work, family, etc. The parent becomes completely dependent on the caregiver for all physical and emotional needs, and therefore are over-demanding of your time. This is a hard transition.
What to Do
This is a time when a caregiver needs to make themselves a priority. Caregiving is stressful but when it turns into a full-time job, with a demanding parent, it is a recipe for caregiver burnout.
Don't get lost in caring for others. Make yourself a priority. Get your parent involved in senior activities or adult day care, depending on their capabilities. They will probably go kicking and screaming, but having others to interact with combats the loneliness and makes them a bit less dependent on you. If your parent is housebound, consider a home companion to visit on a regular basis. Home companions are available through home health care agencies, churches and charitable organizations.