By National Institute on Aging, National Institutes of Health
Lucy is worried. She's lived in the same neighborhood for 50 years, but things seem to be changing. Last week, her friend Rose was walking to the store when a young man ran by and pulled her purse right off her shoulder. Two weeks ago, Joe, the man upstairs, put his grocery bags on the curb while waiting for the bus, and before he knew it, someone had picked up his bags and run off. Lucy feels sad to think she might have to move. She wonders, is anywhere safe for older people anymore?
Older people and their families worry about crime. Though older people are less likely to be victims of crime than teenagers and young adults, the number of crimes against older people is hard to ignore. Older people are often targets for robbery, purse snatching, pick-pocketing, car theft, or a number of scams. They are more likely than younger people to face attackers who are strangers. During a crime, an older person is more likely to be seriously hurt than someone who is younger.
But, even though there are risks, don't let the fear of crime stop you from enjoying life. Be careful and be aware of your surroundings. Here are some "do's and don'ts" that can help you fight crime and stay safe.
Be Safe at Home
- Do try to make sure that your locks, doors, and windows are strong and cannot be broken easily. A good alarm system can help.
- Do check to be sure your doors and windows are locked – both when you are in the house and when you're away.
- Do make a list of your expensive belongings. You might even take pictures of the most valuable items. Store these papers in a safe place.
- Do ask your local police department about marking your valuable property with an I.D. number.
- Don't open your door before you know who's there. Look through the peephole or a safe window first. Ask any stranger for proof of identity before opening the door. Remember, you don't have to open the door if you feel uneasy.
- Don't keep large amounts of money in the house.
- Do get to know your neighbors. Join a Neighborhood Watch Program if your community has one.
Be Street Smart
- Do try to stay alert. Walk with a friend. Stay away from unsafe places like dark parking lots or alleys.
- Do keep your car doors locked at all times.
- Don't open your car door or roll down your window for strangers.
- Do park in well-lit areas.
- Do carry your purse close to your body with the strap over your shoulder and across your chest.
- Don't resist a robber. Hand over your cash right away if confronted.
Be Safe with Your Money
- Do have your monthly pension or Social Security checks sent right to the bank for direct deposit. Try not to have a regular banking routine.
- Don't carry a lot of cash. Put your wallet, money, or credit cards in an inside pocket.
- Don't keep your check book and credit cards together. A thief who steals both could use the card to forge your signature on checks.
Older people may be victims of frauds like con games and insurance, home repair, telephone, or internet scams. Even "trusted" friends or family members have been known to steal an older person's money or property. The following tips may help:
- Don't be afraid to hang up on telephone salespeople. You aren't being impolite. You are taking care of yourself! Remember, you can say no to any offer.
- Don't give any personal information, including your credit card number or bank account, over the phone unless you were the one who made the call.
- Don't take money from your bank account if a stranger tells you to. In one common swindle, a thief pretends to be a bank employee and asks you to take out money to "test" a bank teller. Banks do not check their employees this way.
- Don't be fooled by deals that seem too good to be true. They are often rip-offs. Beware of deals that ask for a lot of money up front and promise you more money later. Check with your local Better Business Bureau to get more information about the record of any company before doing business with them.
- Do be on guard about hiring people who come door-to-door looking for home repair work. They may not be trained to do the work, and they may overcharge you. You should try to check their references. Always spell out the details of the work you want done in writing. Never pay for the whole job in advance.
Avoid Identity Theft
How can someone steal your identity? Using your name, Social Security number, or credit card without your okay is called identity theft and it's a serious crime. Be sure to protect yourself:
- Do keep information about your checking account private. Put all new and cancelled checks in a safe place, report any stolen checks right away, and carefully look at your monthly bank account statement.
- Do shred everything that has personal information about you written on it.
- Do be very careful when buying things online. Websites without security may not protect your credit card or bank account information. Look for information saying that a website has a secure server before buying anything online (it will have https://, not http:// in front of it).
- Do check with the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) to find out how to protect yourself from common online scams that can trick you into revealing your personal or financial information.
Elder Abuse — It's a Crime
It's hard to believe, but elder abuse can happen anywhere. It can take place at home by family or friends or in a nursing home by professional caregivers. Many people don't think of elder abuse as a crime, but it is. Abuse can take many forms including physical harm, financial loss, sexual abuse, or neglect. Most abuse involves verbal threats or hurtful words. If someone you know is being abused, or if you need help, remember:
- You can help yourself and others by reporting the crimes when they happen. Reporting abuse is a moral as well as legal responsibility in most States.
- Contact your local or State Adult Protective Service programs for help.
- If you have been hurt, go to a doctor as soon as possible. Even though you may not see anything wrong, there is always the possibility of injury.
- If needed, a lawyer can assist you in any legal action that needs to be taken.
The National Institute on Aging (NIA), one of the 27 Institutes and Centers of the National Institute of Health (NIH) leads a broad scientific effort to understand the nature of aging and to extend the healthy, active years of life. In 1974, Congress granted authority to form NIA to provide leadership in aging research, training, health information dissemination, and other programs relevant to aging and older people.