A decline in physical and cognitive ability noted with age that is not related to the diagnosis of any specific disorder. Proactive lifestyle changes have been shown to delay or reduce the degree of decline in abilities.
As a general rule to qualify for long-term care Medicaid, single applicants must have $2,000 or less in countable assets. Asset limits for married couples vary by state, Medicaid program, and whether one or both spouses are applying for Medicaid.
A financial plan to protect assets from creditors. An asset protection trust is a financial tool that can be created in an attempt to qualify for Medicaid. Transferring funds to an asset protection trust are subject to Medicaid's five-year look back period.
A person or physician knowingly and intentionally providing another person with the knowledge or means to commit suicide. Physician assisted suicide is legal in 5 US states; Oregon, Vermont, Washington, California and Montana.
Urinary incontinence; Loss of bladder control, which may result in occasional leaking when a person coughs or sneezes and/or sudden urges strong enough to prevent a person from reaching a bathroom in time.
Clostridium difficile; A type of bacteria that causes diarrhea, fever and inflammation of the colon. C. diff infection is spread by spores found in feces. Older adults in health care facilities are most at risk following the use of antibiotics.
A plan of care that professional caregivers use to ensure a patient's needs are met in a timely, effective manner. The plan is customized to meet the patient's diagnosis and preferences, and is adjusted as needs change over time. The care plan usually indicates responsibilities of each member of the care team.
Resources and advice for dealing with changes or complications in the ability to communicate due to illness or injury. Medical conditions may cause communication disorders such as aphasia, loss of word recall and repetitive language.
Information and advice for dealing with a senior experiencing delusions; false beliefs maintained despite contradiction by reality. Delusions in the elderly, often resulting from cognitive impairment, may cause suspicion and paranoid behavior.
As dementia progresses, behaviors change in response to increased confusion, paranoia, anger, and agitation. Behaviors may include sleeplessness, wandering, repetitive actions, and verbal or physical aggression.
Resources and information regarding seniors and depression; a mood disorder causing persistent sadness, hopelessness, and loss of interest in hobbies and activities occurring every day for a period of at least 2 weeks.
A disease that occurs when the blood glucose level is too high. Type 1 is usually diagnosed in children and young adults and is also known as juvenile diabetes. Type 2 is known as adult-onset diabetes.
Advice, practical tips, and support for family caregivers caring for an elderly loved one experiencing difficulty walking caused by age related decline, medications, arthritis, Parkinson's or overall decreased mobility.
Information and advice for family caregivers supporting an elderly loved one who is experiencing substance abuse issues; The chronic misuse of prescription and/or non prescription substances leading to physical or psychological harm.
A legal document that assigns authority to an agent to act on your behalf in specific matters as outlined by the document. A durable POA includes language that extends the authority to the agent to act on your behalf should you become mentally incompetent.
A form of dementia that develops symptoms before the age of 65. In some cases, early-onset Alzheimer's disease has a genetic component and is related to a genetic mutation directly contributing to the disease, known as Familial Alzheimer's disease.
Advocates for the elderly who specialize in legal matters affecting older individuals including estate planning, Social Security, Medicare/Medicaid, guardianship and the preparation of documents indicating advance directives and power of attorney.
Articles, practical tips, and resources for family caregivers about death and dying. Get help and advice from the experience of other caregivers caring for an elderly loved one showing signs indicating the end of life is near.
Advice and practical tips for developing and updating estate plans. Get information and expert advice on the legal documents that arrange for the distribution of assets at the time of a person's death.
A guide to the legal forms and documents all seniors should have in place related to future care and end of life wishes. Explore POA, Advance Directives, Will, HIPPA and other estate planning documents.
Advice, tips and support for caregivers assisting seniors diagnosed with frontotemporal dementia (FTD), a disease that results in progressive damage to the temporal and/or frontal lobes of the brain. FTD is marked by personality and behavior changes that are often misdiagnosed as mental illness.
Resources and practical advice regarding end-of-life preferences, including funeral planning guides, instructions for immediately following death, and the pre-payment of cremation or pre-planned funeral arrangements.
Information and advice for seniors and caregivers who are supporting someone who is dealing with hypertension. Blood pressure is the measure of the force of circulating blood against the artery walls during and between heartbeats.
Resources for seniors and caregivers who are providing care for seniors diagnosed with high cholesterol—an elevated level of lipoproteins in the blood. Consistently high cholesterol levels can lead to hardening of the arteries, stroke and other serious medical conditions.
Tips and information for caregivers and seniors who are dealing with hoarding behaviors; a compulsive urge to acquire large amounts of possessions and a persistent difficulty discarding or parting with them.
A form of palliative care for terminally ill patients. A team oriented approach to end of life care that includes medical care, pain management, and emotional support for patients, their family, and caregivers.
Resources and support for family caregivers providing care for a senior who has been hospitalized. Find caregiver tips for those placed in a health care facility for in-patient, out-patient or emergency care.
Resources for caregivers in the process of transitioning care for an elderly loved one from a hospital to another treatment facility or back to the home. A discharge plan is the individualized care plan that coordinates care and services to be continued outside of the hospital with the goal of preventing re-hospitalization.
Information for seniors and caregivers about dehydration. Proper hydration allows for sufficient absorption of water in the body to lubricate muscles and skin, help the organs work efficiently, and keep the body from overheating.
Resources and support for caregivers assisting seniors with hygiene issues. Caregiver advice on maintaining hygiene practices in the elderly to maintain health, cleanliness, and prevent infection and disease.
Complex tasks that are necessary for truly independent living. Skill levels ranging from proficient to needing assistance are measured in the areas of cooking, medication management, shopping, communicating, managing finances, transportation, and performing household chores and tasks.
Advice, tips and information for family caregivers providing care for a senior considering knee replacement; A surgical procedure in which the damaged part of the knee is removed and replaced with an artificial joint made of metal or plastic.
Advice, tips and support for caregivers providing care for a senior diagnosed with liver disease; Damage to the liver caused by genetics, virus, or substance abuse that leads to cirrhosis and can lead to liver failure.
Loneliness in the Elderly : Advice, tips and support for family caregivers and seniors experiencing loneliness brought on by isolation or lack of companionship. Get help, recommendations, and emotional support from the experience of other caregivers.
Information and resources for caregivers who are providing assistance and support for someone with cancer that forms in the cells of one or both lungs. There are three types that affect treatment options and prognosis: non-small cell lung cancer, small cell lung cancer and lung carcinoid tumor.
A jointly funded federal and state program that provides health insurance for qualifying individuals with medical needs, low-income and little to no assets. Eligibility and benefit distribution widely varies and is determined by each state.
A set timeframe over which the federal government will "look back" to examine spending patterns in determining an applicant's Medicaid eligibility. Any financial transaction during this time period that is perceived as motivated by an attempt to qualify for Medicaid is subject to penalty resulting in ineligibility. The look back period is 5 years prior to the Medicaid application date, with the exception of applicants living in California who are subject to a 2.5 yrs look back period.
The process of spending assets down to allowable levels to allow you to become eligible for Medicaid. Allowable asset amounts and spending timelines are determined by the state in which the applicant resides.
Devices used for patient care being managed in the home. Consumable supplies are disposable and intended for single use, durable medical equipment is intended for repeated use such as wheelchairs, hospital beds, walkers, canes, oxygen, etc.
Residential care for patients who have been diagnosed with cognitive impairment and need assistance with activities of daily living. Memory care units are often distinct areas within larger senior housing communities.
The progression of cognitive impairment to a more noticeable stage often including difficulty recalling words, increased difficulty with daily tasks, and an increase in unexpected behaviors. Divided into 3 stages, the middle stage of dementia is often the longest lasting.
An excessive interest in oneself, often accompanied by grandiose views of one's abilities , a lack of empathy for others, and an excessive need for admiration. A persistent pattern of pathological narcissistic traits is diagnosed as narcissistic personality disorder (NPD).
A progressive disease of the nervous system that gradually decreases the amount of dopamine produced in the body. The loss of dopamine impacts movement and is marked by tremors, muscle rigidity, and the inability to control motor skills.
An in-patient facility providing therapy and treatment to restore functioning after an illness or injury. Often rehabilitation centers are used in the transition between hospital and home or long-term care.
The designation of an individual or organization appointed to receive SSI benefits for anyone who can not administer their own benefits. The SSA will investigate, approve and designate the representative payee who is then required to regularly report their accounting practices on behalf of the beneficiary.
A residential community designated for occupancy by older adults. Although generally established for independent living, community bylaws often indicate minimum age requirements for residents. Activities and amenities are provided by the community for the benefit of the residents.
A loan borrowed against the value of one's home. The agreement allows an eligible homeowner who is at least 62 years old to borrow against available equity while they remain in their home. The loan must be repaid once the borrower's primary residence changes or upon their death.
Various types of housing available to older adults that provide a range of assistive services depending on the level of care needed. Housing options include independent senior living communities, assisted living, and skilled nursing facilities.
The designation of an individual appointed to receive veteran's benefits for anyone ruled incompetent to administer their own benefits. After initiating a request, the VA administration conducts a field examination to approve the fiduciary to assist the beneficiary in managing benefits.