A relationship involving intimidation and control through the use of physical violence and/or emotional manipulation.
ADL; Basic tasks of everyday life assessed in the categories of dressing, bathing, eating, transferring, and toileting.
The condition of being addicted to a substance, thing, or activity.
Care or companionship programs for older adults who need assistance or supervision during the day.
Disposable product for men and women dealing with urinary or bowel incontinence.
Living Will; A legal document that communicates a person's wishes regarding lifesaving medical treatments. The document is often used when the individual can no longer communicate.
A decline in physical and cognitive ability noted with age that is not related to the diagnosis of any specific disorder. Proactive lifestyle changes have been shown to delay or reduce the degree of decline in abilities.
The ability to continue to live in one's home safely and independently regardless of age or ability level.
Veteran's pension that eligible veteran's and their single surviving spouse can qualify for if they have a regular need for the aid and attendance of a caregiver or they are considered housebound.
Alcoholism; A problematic pattern of the use of alcoholic beverages often leading to alcohol dependence.
Foreign substances that activate a reaction in a person's immune system causing inflammation in the skin, sinuses, airways, or digestive system.
A group of cognitive and psychological symptoms affecting memory, thinking and social abilities. Alzheimer's disease is the most common cause of progressive dementia.
The condition in which your blood has a lower than normal number of red blood cells.
A strong feeling of annoyance, displeasure, or hostility.
Lack of awareness of a deficit or impairment.
Antimicrobial drugs that are used in the treatment of bacterial infections.
Intense, persistent and generalized worry or fear that is out of proportion with any actual danger and interferes with daily functioning.
A state agency that provides information, resources, and coordinates links to community services for older people.
Inflammation in one or more joints, often painful and sometimes causing stiffness and a lack of mobility.
People who qualify for Medicaid under the income rule are subject to an asset limit, varying by state, but usually in the amount of $2000.
A financial plan to protect assets from creditors. An asset protection trust is a financial tool that can be created in an attempt to qualify for Medicaid. Transferring funds to an asset protection trust are subject to Medicaid's five-year look back period.
ALF; A residential setting with varied levels of services providing assistance with activities of daily living.
A person or physician knowingly and intentionally providing another person with the knowledge or means to commit suicide. Physician assisted suicide is legal in 5 US states; Oregon, Vermont, Washington, California and Montana.
Washing of the body to maintain personal hygiene.
Pressure ulcers; Injuries to the skin and underlying tissue resulting from prolonged pressure on the skin.
Transformation or modification of a person's activities.
Cancer that forms in the cells of the bladder.
Urinary Incontinence; loss of bladder control ranging from occasional leaking when a person coughs or sneezes, to a sudden urge strong enough to not allow reaching a bathroom in time.
A clump of blood that has changed from a liquid to a semi-solid state.
The blood sugar level is a measure of the amount of glucose in your blood. The amount of blood glucose in the body is regulated by the pancreas through the use of insulin.
Cancer that forms in the cells of the breasts.
A fracture in the upper portion of the femur at the point in which the head of the femur joins the pelvic bone.
Inflammation of the lining of the bronchial tubes. Bronchitis may be either acute or chronic.
Physical or mental collapse due to overwork and/or stress.
Clostridium Difficile; A bacterial infection that causes diarrhea, fever, and inflammation of the colon that is spread by spores found in feces. Older adults in health care facilities are most at risk following the use of antibiotics.
Abnormal cell growth that inhibits the bodies ability to produce normal cells. Cancer cells have the ability to spread (metastasize) to other parts of the body.
Decisions regarding a patient's care plan based on living environment, health diagnosis, and current and future needs.
A plan of care that professional caregivers use to ensure a patient's needs are met in a timely, effective manner. The plan is customized to meet the patient's diagnosis and preferences, and is adjusted as needs change over time. The care plan usually indicates responsibilities of each member of the care team.
The family members and professionals involved in facilitating the provision of care.
Emotional support and guidance provided for families, partners and other caregivers who are providing care for another adult.
Providing companionship, support and/or assistance with activities of daily living to another adult with physical, cognitive, or psychological needs.
A medical condition causing clouding of the eye's natural lens resulting in vision loss.
An auto immune response to eating gluten, a protein found in wheat, barley and rye that causes damage to the small intestine.
The use of medications or drugs to treat disease. Most often referred to as the medications used to destroy cancer cells.
An IRS exemption for qualified individuals who are not an eligible dependent to another taxpayer, has minimal gross income, and at least half of whose financial support is paid by the claimant.
A measurable decline in cognitive abilities including memory and thinking skills.
Cancer that forms in the cells of the large intestine.
The process of using words, sounds, or behaviors to exchange information or express thoughts and ideas.
A chronic heart condition that decreases the heart muscles ability to pump blood and causes shortness of breath, weakness, and swelling.
Infrequent bowel movements or difficulty passing stool persisting for several weeks.
CCRC; A residential community offering a variety of living options often ranging from independent living to skilled nursing care within the same campus.
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A sum of money that is owed or due.
A false belief maintained despite contradiction by reality.
As dementia progresses, behaviors change in response to increased confusion, paranoia, anger, and agitation. Behaviors may include sleeplessness, wandering, repetitive actions, and verbal or physical aggression.
Wandering behavior among people with dementia often leading to getting lost. Patients often have a clear purpose in their intent, however are confused about their current surroundings.
Maintenance of healthy teeth and mouth.
A mood disorder causing persistent sadness, hopelessness, and loss of interest in hobbies and activities occurring every day for a period of at least 2 weeks.
A disease that occurs when the blood glucose level is too high. Type 1 is usually diagnosed in children and young adults and is also known as juvenile diabetes. Type 2 is known as adult-onset diabetes.
Standardized criteria to help evaluate and diagnose diseases and mental health disorders.
The sum of food and nutrients consumed by a person.
Abnormal gait causing problems with mobility.
A mental or physical condition limiting movement, senses, cognition, or activities.
An order written by a physician expressing a patient's expressed medical wishes for end of life or emergency medical treatment.
The controlled operation of a motorized vehicle.
Substance abuse; The chronic misuse of prescription and/or non prescription substances leading to physical or psychological harm.
A legal document that assigns authority to an agent to act on your behalf in specific matters as outlined by the document. A durable POA includes language that extends the authority to the agent to act on your behalf should you become mentally incompetent.
A form of dementia that develops symptoms before the age of 65. In some cases, early-onset Alzheimer's disease has a genetic component and is related to a genetic mutation directly contributing to the disease, known as Familial Alzheimer's disease.
Swelling caused by excess fluids trapped in body tissue.
Mistreatment of an adult later in life that results in harm or loss.
Advocates for the elderly who specialize in legal matters affecting older individuals including estate planning, Social Security, Medicare/Medicaid, guardianship and the preparation of documents indicating advance directives and power of attorney.
An attorney with experience practicing in the area of elder law.
Care required for an acute condition or injury.
The term assigned to the condition or care given during the time surrounding death.
Physical symptoms indicating the body's transition to death.
A reduction in risk factors leading to trips and falls.
Collapse often caused by a trip or loss of balance.
An individual who provides assistance with activities of daily living to a family member.
Anxiety or apprehension regarding the process of dying.
A medical device inserted into the stomach through the abdomen used to supply nutrition for those who cannot obtain nutrition by mouth.
A chronic condition causing widespread muscle pain, fatigue, sleep issues, and painful widespread trigger points all over the body.
A comprehensive plan of investments using current assets to create a plan of income for a future event such as retirement.
A legal document that assigns authority to an agent to act on your behalf in specific financial matters outlined by the document.
An infectious disease caused by the influenza virus.
Forms that may be required related to your specific legal, health, and/or end of life wishes.
Wrongful or criminal action intended to result in financial or personal gain.
Frontotemporal dementia (FTD) is a disease that results in progressive damage to the temporal and/or frontal lobes of the brain. FTD causes a group of brain disorders that share clinical features and cause marked personality and behavior changes. Symptoms associated with atrophy of the frontal lobe are often misdiagnosed as mental illness.
The process of indicating and arranging preferences for end of life including instructions for immediately following death, the prepayment of cremation or
Geriatrician; A physician who specializes in the field of medicine that focuses on the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of disease and disability among older adults.
A group of eye conditions that progressively damage the optic nerve and result in vision loss.
Federal programs providing benefits to eligible adults, including: Social Security, Medicare, Medicaid, Welfare, unemployment benefits, and/or food stamps.
The parent of a person's father or mother.
The response to the loss of someone or something that has died. Grief can have emotional, physical, and/or cognitive affects and is widely believed to progress through five stages beginning with denial and ending with acceptance.
Sensations that appear to be real but are created in the mind. Hallucinations can be visual, auditory, olfactory, or tactile.
Advance Directive, Living Will; A legal document that communicates a person's wishes regarding lifesaving medical treatments. The document is often used when the individual can no longer communicate.
Insurance coverage obtained to pay for medical and surgical expenses incurred by the insured.
The natural process of aging in which healthy lifestyle choices lead to better physical, cognitive, and mental health in older adults.
The act or power of taking in sound through the ear.
Plaque buildup in the artery walls that narrows and/or blocks blood vessels and can lead to a heart attack.
The presence of blood in the urine.
Hep C, HCV; A blood borne viral infection that causes liver inflammation and may result in liver damage.
Hypertension; A measure of the amount of blood your heart pumps and the amount of resistance to blood flow in the arteries. The more blood your heart pumps, and the narrower your arteries, the higher your blood pressure. Consistently high blood pressure can lead to heart attack, stroke, and other serious medical conditions. Recommended blood pressure levels vary by age.
A measure of the fats in your blood (lipids). Consistently high cholesterol levels can lead to hardening of the arteries, stroke, and other serious medical conditions. Cholesterol is measured through a lipid panel and reported as a total as well as a measure of LDL "bad" cholesterol and HDL "good" cholesterol. Recommended cholesterol levels vary by age and gender.
A reparative surgical procedure in which either the upper quarter of the thigh bone is replaced (partial) or both the hip socket and upper thigh bone are replaced (total).
Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act; a federal law limiting who can receive a person's health information.
A compulsive urge to acquire large amounts of possessions and a persistent difficulty discarding or parting with them because of a perceived need to keep them. The condition was previously viewed as a manifestation of obsessive-compulsive disorder.
Care that allows a person with a need for support or assistance to stay in the home. Home care is classified into two categories, home health care and non-medical in-home care.
Skilled medical services provided in the home by nurses, occupational, speech, or physical therapists.
Home improvements, repairs, and/or remodeling that allow older adults to safely stay in their homes for as long as possible.
Awareness of the risks in and around a home that could potentially cause an accident or injury.
HT, HRT; Medications containing hormones to replace the ones the body stops producing, commonly prescribed after a woman reaches menopause.
A form of palliative care for terminally ill patients. A team oriented approach to end of life care that includes medical care, pain management, and emotional support for patients, their family, and caregivers.
A health care facility providing in-patient, out-patient, and emergency care.
The transition from a hospital to another treatment facility or back to the home. A discharge plan is the individualized care plan that coordinates care and services to be continued outside of the hospital with the goal of preventing re-hospitalization.
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Sufficient absorption of water in the body to lubricate muscles and skin, help the organs work efficiently, and keep the body from overheating.
Practices to maintain health, cleanliness, and prevent infection and disease.
The involuntary excretion of urine or feces.
Housing communities designed for seniors to live independently within a planned development, often referred to as "retirement" communities.
The body's response to harmful stimuli such as bacteria, viruses, allergens, and/or irritants.
Complex tasks that are necessary for truly independent living. Skill levels ranging from proficient to needing assistance are measured in the areas of cooking, medication management, shopping, communicating, managing finances, transportation, and performing household chores and tasks.
A chronic intestinal disorder affecting the large intestine, causing gas, diarrhea, constipation, abdominal pain and cramping.
Pain within the joints commonly caused by inflammation.
Abnormal clumps of proteins in the brain that cause a progressive and non reversible form of dementia.
A contract between a private insurance company and an individual that pays a lump-sum death benefit to a beneficiary in exchange for premium payments over the lifetime of the policy holder.
Damage to the liver caused by genetics, virus, or substance abuse that leads to cirrhosis and can lead to liver failure.
The financial and functional ability to support living alone.
Revocable trust; A legal document that identifies assets that are placed into a trust and remain under your control while living, then pass to a beneficiary upon death without going through probate.
A legal document that communicates a person's wishes regarding lifesaving medical treatments. The document is often used when the individual can no longer communicate.
A feeling of sadness brought on by isolation or lack of companionship.
A range of services and support which help meet both the medical and non-medical needs of people who cannot care for themselves for an extended period of time.
A policy sold by a private insurance company to cover costs associated with long-term care that are not covered by traditional health insurance, Medicare, or Medicaid.
Coordinating the care of another individual who needs support with activities of daily living while living a distance away from the care recipient.
A decrease in appetite and lack of feelings of hunger, often leading to unintentional weight loss.
Ataxia; Muscle weakness, loss of balance causing uncoordinated body movements.
The absence or loss of the sense of taste often concurrently experienced with the loss of sense of smell.
Loss of eyesight causing difficulty completing everyday tasks.
Cancer that forms in the cells of one or both of the lungs. There are three types affecting treatment options and prognosis: non-small cell lung cancer, small cell lung cancer, and lung carcinoid tumor.
A group of disorders affecting the lungs that vary in severity and cause difficulty breathing.
Deterioration of the central area of the retina (macula) that may result in blurred vision and eventual vision loss.
Legally recognized union of two people in a personal relationship.
A jointly funded federal and state program that provides health insurance for qualifying individuals with medical needs, low-income and little to no assets. Eligibility and benefit distribution widely varies and is determined by each state.
A set timeframe over which the federal government will "look back" to examine spending patterns in determining an applicant's Medicaid eligibility. Any financial transaction during this time period that is perceived as motivated by an attempt to qualify for Medicaid is subject to penalty resulting in ineligibility. The look back period is 5 years prior to the Medicaid application date, with the exception of applicants living in California who are subject to a 2.5 yrs look back period.
The process of spending assets down to allowable levels to allow you to become eligible for Medicaid. Allowable asset amounts and spending timelines are determined by the state in which the applicant resides.
Comprehensive evaluation, diagnosis, and treatment of a person's physical health.
Devices used for patient care being managed in the home. Consumable supplies are disposable and intended for single use, durable medical equipment is intended for repeated use such as wheelchairs, hospital beds, walkers, canes, oxygen, etc.
A legal document that assigns authority to an agent to act on your behalf in specific medical matters outlined by the document.
The federal health insurance program for people who are 65 or older, certain young people with disabilities, and people with end-stage Renal Disease.
Medicare Part C; a Medicare plan offered by a private company that contracts with Medicare to provide you Part A and Part B benefits.
October 15-December 7; The annual time period allowing individuals to make changes to Medicare and prescription drug coverage for the following year.
Medicare Hospital Insurance that covers inpatient hospital stays, care in a skilled nursing facility, hospice care, and some health care.
Medical Insurance that covers certain doctors' services, outpatient care, medical supplies, and preventive services.
Medicare Prescription Drug Coverage. Part D adds prescription drug coverage to original Medicare.
Medigap; an additional standardized program offered by private insurance companies intended to cover costs that original Medicare does not cover.
Coordination of the selection, administration, and monitoring of drug therapy to optimize patient care.
Prescription and over the counter drugs used to treat illness or maintain health.
Residential care for patients who have been diagnosed with cognitive impairment and need assistance with activities of daily living. Memory care units are often distinct areas within larger senior housing communities.
Confusion or inability to recall short or long term memories. Often a symptom of a more serious medical condition.
The time that marks the end of a woman's menstrual cycle, diagnosed after 12 consecutive months without menstruation.
The psychological and emotional well being of an individual.
A primary headache disorder that causes moderate to severe pain, sensitivity to light, smell and sometimes nausea and vomiting.
Mild cognitive impairment; A minor but measurable decline in memory and cognitive abilities.
The ability to physically move.
The progression of cognitive impairment to a more noticeable stage often including difficulty recalling words, increased difficulty with daily tasks, and an increase in unexpected behaviors. Divided into 3 stages, the middle stage of dementia is often the longest lasting.
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An excessive interest in oneself, often accompanied by grandiose views of one's abilities , a lack of empathy for others, and an excessive need for admiration. A persistent pattern of pathological narcissistic traits is diagnosed as narcissistic personality disorder (NPD).
General disease or malfunction of the nerves.
A diagnosis based on recurrent and persistent thoughts and urges that are seen as intrusive and cause marked distress and anxiety.
Loss of the sense of smell.
A medical condition in which the bones become brittle and fragile from loss of tissue.
Physical suffering or discomfort.
Care focused on the provision of comfort and relief from the stress and symptoms of serious illness.
Extreme and unreasonable feelings of suspicion and mistrust.
Content on this site indicated as related to the subject of a person's mother or father.
A progressive disease of the nervous system that gradually decreases the amount of dopamine produced in the body. The loss of dopamine impacts movement and is marked by tremors, muscle rigidity, and the inability to control motor skills.
Content on this site indicated as helpful to those determining methods to pay for ongoing care needs.
A medical alert system, often wearable, that alerts an off site resource or caregiver of the need for emergency assistance.
A domestic animal kept for companionship.
Treatment through physical methods such as massage, exercise, and electrotherapy to restore or enhance movement.
Lung inflammation caused by a bacterial or viral infection that results in fever, cough, and difficulty breathing.
Self neglect; The inability to attend to personal needs or provide basic self care.
A legal document that assigns authority to an agent to act on your behalf in specific matters outlined by the document.
Content on this site indicated to be manufactured for the provision of comfort, safety, and/or assistance in senior care.
The gland located between the bladder and the penis that functions to produce fluid that nourishes and protects sperm.
Cancer that forms in the cells of the prostate gland.
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Physical activity participated in for enjoyment and improved health.
Objection to or refusal to accept necessary medical, social, or other care services.
An in-patient facility providing therapy and treatment to restore functioning after an illness or injury. Often rehabilitation centers are used in the transition between hospital and home or long-term care.
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The designation of an individual or organization appointed to receive SSI benefits for anyone who can not administer their own benefits. The SSA will investigate, approve and designate the representative payee who is then required to regularly report their accounting practices on behalf of the beneficiary.
A short period of rest or relief.
A residential community designated for occupancy by older adults. Although generally established for independent living, community bylaws often indicate minimum age requirements for residents. Activities and amenities are provided by the community for the benefit of the residents.
A loan borrowed against the value of one's home. The agreement allows eligible homeowners of at least 62 years of age to borrow against available equity while the person remains in the home. The loan must be repaid at the time of death or either the primary residence has changed or the home is sold.
The act of giving up something of value in order to help another person.
The generation of people caring for both their children and their aging parents.
Something a person or group does to fulfill physical, social, and/or intellectual needs.
Apartment style housing specifically designated for older adults.
Common medical conditions associated with older adults.
Various types of housing available to older adults that provide a range of assistive services depending on the level of care needed. Housing options include independent senior living communities, assisted living, and skilled nursing facilities.
A serious response to infection in which the body over acts and injures its own tissue, organs, and may lead to death.
A later, more serious stage of dementia marked by the inability to respond to surroundings, inability to communicate, and finally the loss of ability to control movement.
Skin eruptions and pain along the spinal and cranial nerves caused by the reactivation of the herpes zoster (chickenpox) virus.
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Changes in thinking and memory that indicate the onset of dementia.
Nursing home; Licensed healthcare residences for individuals who require a higher level of medical care than can be provided in an assisted living facility.
The practice of cleansing, maintaining, and moisturizing the skin.
A sleep disorder in which you have one or more pauses in breathing or shallow breaths while you sleep. Breathing pauses can last from a few seconds to minutes.
Changes in patterns of sleep.
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The body's physical and emotional response to pressure or threat.
A condition in which blood flow to the brain is cut off depriving the brain of oxygen and glucose.
The chronic misuse of prescription and/or non prescription substances leading to physical or psychological harm.
Sundowning; The occurrence of sadness, agitation, fear, and other mood and behavior changes that occur in dementia patients just before dark.
A group of people with common experiences and concerns who provide emotional and moral support for each other.
The process of making something pass from the mouth through the throat and esophagus into the stomach. The inability to swallow is known as dysphagia.
An involuntary fee levied on individuals and corporations enforced by and payable to the government.
An irreversible disease that cannot be cured and will likely lead to death.
Treatment of a medical or psychological condition with the intent of rehabilitation or social adjustment.
The butterfly shaped endocrine gland in the front of the neck that creates hormones affecting metabolism.
To assist or supervise someone in using the toilet.
Loss of bladder control ranging from occasional leaking when a person coughs or sneezes, to a sudden urge strong enough to not allow reaching a bathroom in time.
An infection caused when bacteria enters the urinary tract through the urethra. A urine culture will determine the cause of the infection and proper course of treatment.
The designation of an individual appointed to receive veteran's benefits for anyone ruled incompetent to administer their own benefits. After initiating a request, the VA administration conducts a field examination to approve the fiduciary to assist the beneficiary in managing benefits.
A biological preparation that stimulates the body's production of antibodies and provides immunity against a specific disease.
Damage to the vessels supplying blood to the brain that results in a progressive and non reversible form of dementia.
Veins that are close to the surface of the skin enlarge and create a prominent appearance. The veins may also twist, and often become blue or purple, with a rope-like appearance.
Financial and other forms of assistance provided to veterans and their spouses.
A tax-free monetary benefit payable to low-income wartime Veterans.
Aggressive behavior that is intended to causes physical or emotional harm to another person.
Disorders of the eye that affect vision and eye health.
A reduction in body mass after burning more calories than the body takes in.
Testament; A legal document in which a person expresses their wishes for the management and distribution of their assets at the time of death.
A caregiver who balances caring for the needs of another person while employed professionally.