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Cells need insulin to take in glucose. People with diabetes often feel tired and sometimes dizzy. Sometimes there are no real symptoms. A doctor will find it during a physical. When symptoms are present, thirst and frequent urination are very common and are the result of the elevated glucose level of the blood. There is frequently an increase in appetite and a craving for sweets. These symptoms are caused by the body trying to regain balance. The cells are saying they are hungry because they are getting no glucose. But the sensors in the body see there is too much glucose, so are trying to dilute and excrete it.
I hope this helps some. Type 2 diabetes is more common than Type 1, particularly in the elderly. People who are Type 1 are generally either born with diabetes or have an illness, e.g. a virus, that destroys the islets cells of the pancreas. People with Type 2 tend to have later onset and tend toward obesity (love them sweets and fats).
(2)...that is the simple answer.
Some medications can mimic diabetes.
typical first steep is diet...then some
sort of glucose modification medication
Such as metformin (which prevents the
Liver dumping glucose into the system)
Or others which encourage the pancreatic
To put out more insulin or the insulin
Already in the system work better (glybyride
And others) these can cause hypoglycemic
(Low blood sugar) which can be dangerious
At times. There are new meds like januvia
Which govern another enzyme pathway,
They are the newest thing
Lastly insulin you must inject, there is
Short acting and long acting
Good luck. !
Amongst the elderly population, type 2 diabetes is a growing problem, and a larger proportion of newly diagnosed diabetics are older.Treating and diagnosing diabetes amongst the elderly requires a flexible and unique approach.