Mom, 97, breathes rapidly and shallowly frequently. Her sats are fine, but she gets panicky. She was diagnosed with end stage COPD and given less than six months to live in May 2016. She has since improved to the point she no longer needs day-time supplemental oxygen. She has developed the habit of breathing shallowly and rapidly. We've done the "smell the roses, blow out the candles" over and over as well as reminding her to slow her breathing down which she does fairly well when reminded. Any suggestions for exercises to encourage deep breathing. I've had her lift her arms up to increase lung volume on the inhale, lower arms and exhale. I've showed her "belly breathing" and she understands about her diaphragm. I've encouraged her to watch her chest go up and down (normally only her shoulders move). She does very well on the incentive spirometer. She still has the volume capacity, although there are limited lung sounds in the very lower levels unless you are coaching her specifically.