When elders suffer a serious fall, injury or medical trauma, they may need to live at a rehabilitation center for some period of time.
Inpatient rehabilitation is a rehabilitation service offered to elderly people in a residential setting, rather than to people who travel to a clinic for rehabilitation appointments.These facilities are called Inpatient Physical Rehabilitation Centers. Inpatient facilities could be located inside of hospitals or senior housing, such as assisted living facilities and nursing homes.
These centers provide around-the-clock treatment and supervision. Their progress is continuously monitored. In some cases, inpatient treatment programs stand a better chance of success. The types of ailment that might be best treated (check with your doctor for the best advice) include:
- Fracture or broken hip
- Joint injury or replacement
- Parkinson's disease
- Neurological conditions
- Arthritis of the spine and other joints
- Brain injury
- Multiple Sclerosis
- Nerve impingement
The goal is to help the elderly patient return to his/her maximum functional potential after suffering a life-altering event.
Inpatient physical rehabilitation centers are well equipped to conduct various therapies. Therapies are conducted by health care workers such as rehab physicians, physical therapists, occupational therapists, speech therapists, rehab nurses and a social workers.
Treatments can range from re-gaining communication skills, improving mobility, strength training for using medical equipment such as wheelchairs and walkers, carrying out daily activities (such as bathing and dressing), improving muscle function and emotional support to help the elderly patients cope with the alterations in their life.
Treatments are broken down into three main categories:
• Physical Therapy (PT)
• Occupational Therapy (OT)
• Speech-Language Pathology (SLP)
In an inpatient physical rehabilitation program, patients typically have a very structured day. Part of the day is devoted to followup medical care which is designed to address ongoing physical issues, and part of the day involves physical and occupational therapy to help the patient build up strength and skills.
Duration of treatment varies depending on the severity of the condition and potential for improvement. Generally, significant results can be achieved in four to six weeks. However, this differs widely depending on the condition being treated and the patient's involvement in his/her rehabilitation program.
Some inpatient rehabilitation centers may include a falls clinic, in which a physical therapist provides treatment, assessment and intervention to those who are at high risk of falls. This includes looking at the home environment to increase safety and providing education to reduce risks.
To find an inpatient rehabilitation center in your local area, visit the AgingCare.com directory of senior care providers.